MongoDB is a cross-platform document-oriented database. It is classified as a NoSQL database, MongoDB avoid using the traditional table-based relational database structure in favor of JSON-like documents with dynamic schemas, making the integration of data in certain types of applications easier and faster.

MongoDB is developed by MongoDB Inc. formerly known as 10gen starts developing the MongoDB in 2007 as a part of planned platform as a service product. Later , in 2009,the company shifted to an open source development model, with the company offering commercial support and other services . MongoDB is published as free and open-source software under a combination of the GNU Affero General Public License and the Apache License. As of July 2015, MongoDB is the fourth most popular type of database management system, and the most popular for document stores.